Arnette Justin Public History Project Part 2

Arnette Justin Public History Project Part 2

so when we left off we were discussing the the administrative headaches that were happening in french guiana and and in that vein it’s actually something that went back to before the time of guyana being a convict colony when you look at the history of slavery in the same region the the french authorities had a hard time enforcing the the slaves to stay on on the plantations there’s several accounts of slaves just leaving with little to no pursuit and we see a similar pattern happen when the the primary labor is done by the convicts which is that the guards at the time are afraid of going into certain regions of the camp because of the large number of convicts so they’re over overwhelmed and outnumbered we also see that there were some problems with the guards actually assisting certain prisoners with escaping so it was a very unorganized and and dysfunctional dysfunctional government that was that was running things at the time on top of that you have conflicts between the local and the regional leadership so there’s there’s headaches that the governors of the region have to resolve between two uh to two different parties in the government it’s there there’s a very poor managing of the region and so as a result we see an expanded bureaucracy where more leadership positions are established more more offices and more administrations are created and that’s hoped to help resolve whatever the problems are but then moving on from the the french experience we see in the british experience that you yeah well excuse me you have to start first with the british empire that existed across the globe and that that’s really important understanding what’s happening on australia specifically because the the british had control of territories on various continents and that means that in canada hong kong jamaica ireland and other other parts of the world britain is able to take prisoners and ship them all into one centralized location like in australia and so that’s what we see happen in the years between 1788 and 1868 that by the time we get to 1868 great britain has sent 167 000 convict men women and children to australia and these people are from various parts of africa and asia they’re from canada a lot of them are from ireland and england but the point is we see that there’s various groups of people from different continents that are controlled by britain and they’re all brought onto one one continent so this creates a a very big mixture of different cultures all in one place so we see this this pattern of globalization where britain’s control of various different places is all brought into one one centralized location and that that has cultural ramifications as well but noting look now we can note some of the differences between the french and the british experience with penal colonization and what we see is that whereas in french guiana it was largely a male population in the region that’s a little different in australia in australia there was there was a big emphasis on bringing uh women and children as well to to the uh to the colony because of the importance on settling the region so along with the importation of women and children you also have the fact that australia is kind of a melting pot of cultures you have people from a lot of indian prisoners a lot of people from hong kong from ireland from england from canada from jamaica even and other parts of africa as well so it’s it’s a very heterogeneous environment culturally speaking there so those are some of the differences between french guiana and australia as penal colonies but there are also some notable similarities and that would be that the purpose for both of them was to manage particular populations britain and her colonies and in her mainland had certain groups of people they wanted to control and at the same time they were able to meet that need of controlling problematic groups of people they were also able to expand their empire into the southeastern region of the globe so they were able to meet that need and as well we also see that france and great britain were trying to fulfill this this desire for regional and economic influence wherever they were going to settle so now we get to talk about whether or not any of this actually worked when we look at french uh the french experience in guyana uh this is actually a quote from from a uh an entrepreneur at the time referring to what happened there he says as to the economic situation in general there’s hardly any agriculture industry or commerce in guyana the only thing that penal colonization has ever produced is illness epidemics and the mortality of the transporters and and after this we actually see that in a few years after this quote was was stated that the the nature
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Arnette Justin Public History Project Part 2

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