Canada during the 1800’s. Take a peak at Lower Fort Gary. One of Canada’s National Historic Site.

Canada during the 1800’s. Take a peak at Lower Fort Gary. One of Canada’s National Historic Site.

[Music] [Music] hudson bay company fort was built in 1830 on a red river 32 kilometers north of winnipeg this fort replaced the fort garry after it was flooded in 1926. [Music] thank you it’s a place of monarchs [Music] this is a hudson bay company lower fort gary it’s on the red river which is between the assiniboine river and uh lake winnipeg we’re just at the mouth of lake winnipeg here at selkirk that’s where this ford is lake winnipeg up the nelson river into hudson bay hence hudson bay company postmaster you know [Music] i’m actually in charge of the day-to-day operations at this post there’s a lot of options when you say postmaster you mean the ford is a post yeah and you’re a master yeah to a degree there’s a lot of officers here that are much higher level than me and so they do a lot of the higher up stuff but i’ll be in charge of a lot of the day-to-day stuff like you know hiring day laborers are doing a lot of the trading that takes place what have you been here to lower for gary before yeah years ago years ago okay well you probably know who’s in charge of the site then right yeah parks canada artifacts we have behind the ropes and stuff just like keeping behind the road to protect them presenting them to you and we’re celebrating the history here preserving the site yeah what’s going on here before gary was flooding a lot uh and this was a bit higher up and wasn’t gonna flood and they figured you know governor george simpson who was kind of the head of this kind of area the hbc at the time he figured it would be important to not flood and he decided to build a port here because it’s much higher up in the river and the uh it’s more downstream problem is a little bit out of the way so it only becomes kind of the pinnacle kind of the main spot of the fur trade like the start of the 1850s and then they kind of move back slowly back to upper port gary [Music] so [Music] [Music] like [Music] [Music] the hudson bay fort lower ford gary contained a furloff a store a warehouse and a trader’s office the big house was the residence of the governor of the hudson bay company building construction used local limestone [Music] so she’s just here for the day to help me out we’re getting tea ready for the governor uh well the governor’s wife yes and uh i believe hanging out at the ross yeah um so yeah just waiting for mr colville to come and get it he’s not home no he has i think gone to do some business and uh mrs coolville is stuck at the ross until he can come and catch her how many kids they have they don’t have any at this point in history yeah thank you yeah for sure so we interpret 1851 so who was the governor at the time in 1851 we have the associate veteran here mr bull bill um and then um but it was built for george simpson british colony um but the fort itself is actually a hudson’s bay company at the time gave the sum of money and allotted all this all of the canadian territory basically yeah 1870 1830s the walls and sounds were the 40s so did you study your history pretty much psychology linguistic students but i do love history on the side nice yeah i love history i studied world history canada is just a little bit part of it that world history and i found out interesting yeah but it is very young just celebrated 150 not too long ago thank you yeah no problem [Music] [Music] that blanket is familiar that’s the sign of the hudson bay company [Music] like furs and flowers and they’d have to carry it um from here somehow get it from here to your factory up in near churchill churchill manitoba yeah so way up north there [Music] so that’s fur yes this is sort of the heart of the fur trade indigenous trappers they would come in spring and they would bring us uh the furs that they trapped throughout the winter in exchange for promissory notes which they could spend at our store so we have a variety of different animals that would have come um from the west and some uh further up north so we have things like a skunk but you need so many of them um to make anything yeah it ends up actually cost you to do like royalty with the uh very wealthy upperclass these are all real first oh uh a silver fox so this is the most expensive fur that we have it would be worth about five pounds so an entire year’s wage wow it’s a genetic anomaly from a red fox the color of the red box and middle of the road you have a cross box which is a cross between a red box they’re dark we have the industrial revolution going on so there’s a lot of smog in london and so you don’t want to get nice white furs like this because it takes a lot of money to keep them clean this is a mink muskrat which is when it’s a rabbit people of the working class you would line your stuff with furs like more practice birds like a rabbit um that would help to keep you warm these are bison heights on the bottom so actually right now let’s go back we are in 1851. what would you mind telling me where you come from uh personally i’m from scotland both my husband and i came over my husband works for the hudson’s bay company and then when his contract was over we bought a farm so now we work there and i come in and i i actually uh i’m just for the day so if you look right behind you that’s the office that i lined up at this morning to get my job oh sign up at about six in the morning so how did you come here you come by boat by boat how many miles from scotland um i actually went down to england to catch my boat because it’s cheaper to leave from certain ports and then i spent um a little over i spent over a month on a boat and then you arrive in quebec and then you according to me and close giving back oh yeah um and then if there’s no problem with the ship if no one’s sick then you’re permitted um to move out west um the hudson’s bay company that they arranged a lot of our trans people fans of people being very so they prefer single men because then you don’t have to um you know move people during the time you don’t need paperwork passport and whatever just open scotland to here you would need to buy tickets you would have papers you would have to register there’s a lot less rules regarding immigration than we have now right now most people are not immigrating here like to the midwest they’re immigrating east so they’ll be in like toronto halifax they’re back in montreal or are the major cities toronto is just new it’s not a very old city at this point right now because um of what’s going on in ireland a lot of the immigrants going there are working class irish folks so that’s a lot of your european immigration there here the majority of people are metis about 85 percent class of the population are of metis ancestry um but you also have the south park settlers that arrive in asia so there’s a lot of scottish folks um the hudson’s bay company hires a lot of people from the north of scotland as well um so in this area you mainly find people of either french metis scottish mickey scottish or indigenous you need to have paperwork for you to work in here i just go to the office to see what jobs there are and he’ll decide who gets to work and what jobs oh the postmaster a day for 12 hours oh really yeah so we thought i could buy like a pound of beads or a cup a per day salary i get one shilling per day oh depending on what job you’re doing so men typically make two shillings so double what i mean um but if you’re doing a heavier job like hauling rock to upper fort garrison modern day forks um you can make three shillings a day so triple what i would make here um it’s very fair yeah yeah thank you yeah don’t worry the governor’s house [Music] hello how was your trip so far very good very good yeah thank you bye [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Applause] hello where’s the men’s house mentos is right over there oh i missed it uh yeah there was this is the warehouse where we’re storing and keeping all the goods that are shipped over from europe went by the furloff earlier everything that’s sold there we store it here first entire building is dedicated entirely to storage and while it doesn’t sound like the most exciting thing in the world it is very important to this site because lower fork carries what’s known as a trans shipment depot that means we’re getting things in and out all the time so we have to be able to store lots of different kinds of goods and i understand storage is not the most exciting thing but so anything that you can’t make or kind of find yourself around here so things like painkillers canes of glass silver from england oh you actually look around at all the uh historical buildings here they all have the same size chains of glass um so that means it’s just easier to ship so that’s from europe yes everything that we store here is from europe um except for the furbales and those are going to europe he turns into so it’s only the first that’s going to europe yeah everything here oh okay hi mr wilson it was the cameron here loads and builds i’m bigger and stronger than mr cameron’s immediate so this is a uniform for the northwest mountain police mountain police were here in 1873 in 1873 canada was confederated in 1867 so their purpose was to kind of create a canadian presence out in the west where provinces hadn’t yet been formed so they are now yes the rcmp yeah so these were kind of the origins so where did you come from mr cameron born here you know i uh my european father actually came over from scotland okay what about you are you from scotland too i’m from scotland yeah old working islands up in northern scotland it’s actually the last stop on the boat on the way here when i turned 18 i decided to come out make a living i heard that there was opportunity to buy land which is a very common practice uh like a four-week journey four weeks okay how was your fun uh it was not fun you know very seasick oh vomiting was kind of dangerous i made it i have not yet purchased my farm uh which is why i’m here working with mr cameron today how much you earn per hour or per day per day how much you order well yeah so i don’t actually have a contract yet i’m just trying to prove my worth two shillings a day to the show yeah hopefully the governor will see my worth and offer me a contract thank you [Music] the military set up at the fort from time to time in 1846 british troops the sixth regiment of the foot were sent there when the boundary between the united states oregon territory and british columbia were in dispute the mighty in 1951 hudson bay company gave lower fort gary to the federal government in 1958 the federal government made it a national historic site in 2011 it was named as one of the top 10 national historic sites in canada by canada’s history magazine [Music] you
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Canada during the 1800\'s. Take a peak at Lower Fort Gary. One of Canada\'s National Historic Site.

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