Civil society and social economy in Post- communist society.

Civil society and social economy in Post- communist society.

and thank you very much for this introduction me and of course i am very grateful to be here and it is a very great honor for me to be the first speaker you know the expectations are very high and our colleagues yesterday vancouver said we should have a dream or the dreams and we should contribute to his dreams well my start point is something what is i’m absolutely on the agenda of an ancient crisis for natural crisis it’s something which everybody is talking about worldwide and consequences of this economic crisis we see now we see some very gendered development regarding development of incomes the disparity between rich and poor and we can take very frightened statistical data i don’t want to quoted them i wrote on my paper but i have not enough time but i make this introduction because this provoked us to ask about state of society state of the capitalistic society and indeed to look for alternatives so i will start with some problems that question which i would like to discuss together with you well this is my question first question is how capitalistic system could be repaired or changed as a response to financial crisis and its impact on social fabric the second question which we have to discuss is how far is civil society able to contribute to reduction of unemployment poverty social exclusion and oppression and to create more justice free and solidary society third a possible impact of reduction of social welfare on civil society fourth civil society in transformation society data from representative posts in poland i take the example of poland as a tradition or transformation society or fall poles would deny this they would say well we shone over we finished transformation process we are came to normality but it’s still i really interesting to to serve to this case fifth social economy as a means of building civil society six the free approaches regarding the new social economy and seven social integration center in poland an example of the new social economy i will take one concrete example which maybe is interesting from bosnia nursery dovina how poland try to promote social economy and social cohesion on the local level so let’s start the question how capitalistic system could be repaired or changed as a response to financial crisis have possible answers the one answer is any change are needed but there’s no liberal position or conservative one t-part as example in the united states another possibility answer to this question would be more state intervention in regulation of market locally and globally near kensington position something what is called regulatory capitalism another answer which is possible restructuring of welfare state between conditional and unconditional cash transfer and providing services i’m not going to discuss with answer how they are really good or bad because i would false course on mind topic but i will only rise the possibilities how we can react or how this co different discourses are about this problem the fourth is running away from achievement requirements discipline and work pattern of occupational career consumerism choice of alternative lifestyle a social movement of either individuals it is possible it’s big question and the one last but not least the one strengthened civil society and development of social economy especially of alternative forms of social entrepreneurship and i am going to discuss this last point well otaki aware that the key concept is civil society all the civil society have very important pro proponents uno workbeg imf ec but i believe we have some be very careful we don’t shoot we shouldn’t we shouldn’t over estimate as a role of civil society because we have very lovely discussion in 90s which is really started with uh putman status and uh revitalization of uh tocqueville idea and so on and so on and uh the civil society appears as a really rare medium for all isis disease of of a modern society i would be very careful to to take this position because there are main objections which we have to take seriously into consideration as a first of all concept of civil society seems to be a residual category defining primarily as a non-state and non-market and the side-stable development of civil society is still endangered by atomization that is bowling alone which putman presented by authoritarian regimes and we have still authoritarian regimes and the danger that even in the democracy we can get authoritarian regime is not excluded unfortunately by economic crisis and welfare state diminishment second concept of civil society regards very heterogeneous phenomena therefore it’s very often not easy to be mobilized as a mess movement that is solidarity question and third it is prevailing a middle-class product and if you notice that and really middle class due to last development is intended to decline so probably the prospect for civil society are not the best and four it is very often charity based and not empowerment project regarding to the people in need i will show you very short how the change or the mish the movement of every stake could danger and to have impact on civil society which is not quite directly impact whether the question sign because if you look at united states which is so-called liberal welfare regime this is one of the reasons that civil society was quite could develop in united states as a response to the this regime so that is not really directly correlation or i would say a relationship between this damagement and civil society but the mission developers state has an impact on rising of poverty and social exclusion in society that is not doubt about that and rising of poverty and social exclusion which is really uh documented by the statistical data and by empirical research because first of all declining of trust solidarity awareness of cooperation and civic communism secondly it is a really impact on rising of federal economy subsistence economy using illegal resources and then this has i would say negative impact on civil society so that is a very important perspective or very important problem well let’s say a little much more about civil society in transformation society that is data from a representative post in poland and some of them that it’s very i would say arbitrary choice of me but it shows very clearly the poor state of civil society in this country and in eastern europe countries i would say or the state of civil society is rather poor but what the data says in poland the president of member organization was about 13 percent the people who really are involved and serve in the organization is 99 37 and you see some process of decline and decrease and if you take this on whole population it is very small percentage people really involved in the organization and take some function in that what about voluntary work for church local community as you look at it is 2006 about 27 percent of the people representative polls who are really all done some voluntary work the participation is about 20 percent and one of their indicator of the state of of of civil society or even you know so-called social capital in society is a trust as a threat research is is already expanded in the last time and important is still you know 45 percent who say we don’t trust the stranger people so the trust is not very good i would say widespread in the polish society and the final conclusion which i quoted from one of the polish experts is i i would say quite frightened of in terms of state and of development of civil society in poland and i believe that this statement and this final conclusion regards also many many countries in uh in eastern and south europe so you can read and i am not going to read that if you are ready okay may i go to the next one okay thank you very much well so when we come to a relationship between civil society and social economy i will say what i how i understand social economy but first of all you know quite very general point uh and you have some fields we can see civil society as a autonomous and independent space of of social activities the independent is something what the people discuss autonomous we agree how independent civil society could be first of all from state that is you know what we have to discuss some people say it should be independent some people say it is not possible because civil society must cooperate with state but i believe this depends on the situ on political situation polish civil society in the 80s was attempt to be independent not only autonomous but only independent even for check and and other parts of of soviet uh system we have cooperation between civil society and state which is not in the uh uh understand as a cooperation on social economic fields and then we have three possibilities of relationship between civil society state and social economy we can have social economy which is carried by civil society independently autonomously we can have social economy which is a result of partnership between state and civil society and we have you can also have social economy which is covered by state then what is social economy we can have two approaches like we have institutional or legal approach and we have the normative approach both are very important i i would say this both parts really are constitute for social economy how the legal form are corporation enterprises mutual type organization association this is you know how uh state and society organize legal form of office activity most important is the normative approach social economy is activity which combines economic activities with some social activities and have some principles which are very important because this differentiates social economy from market economy so the one of the important normative normative requirements is the aim to serving members or their community rather than generating profit and independent management a democratic decision-making process and the privacy of people and labor over capital in distribution of income okay we can differentiate and those are i believe quite important between the old social economy and as a new social economy the old social economy which we can see or the beginning of of the old social economy in the 19th century the ideology of its all social economy of utopian socialism and christian solidarity the new social economy has the ideology of welfare society and citizenship the actors are very different in the old social economy it was working class worker class movement trade unions and peasants movements today the main actors of social economy are welfare state and civil society a social background for all social economy was class struggle for new social economy is this integration and marginalization process in welfare state of the world for society different are beneficial in case of all social economy members of worker class and person in case of the new social economy long-term unemployment persons living or social assistance homeless disabled people alcoholics drug consumers refugees immigrants prisons and also socially depressed or discriminate communities and then main instruments are different for old social economy cooperatives mutual insurance working cash borrowing assistance for news social economy social enterprises social cooperatives that has integration project for individuals and communities well then next question which we have to discuss together what can the new social economy do for an improvement in social service european the european community is already deeply convinced that social economy is one of the main instruments for job creating for improving social cohesion for development of human capital there are many very important supporters of this idea bill gates pope benedict 16 obama administration world bank and leading business calls such harvard and central and then uh many states have really owned development programs for social economy italy spain poland brazil usa and i quoted one report from spain which really show well how important social economy could be for creating jobs and i would like to warn for too big expectation and to focus too much on this problem job creating as a main function of social economy i believe the social economy had much more important function like human development empowerment creating new life in communities which is not equal to the job number there are some critical questions regarding the new social economy the one this critical question which we have to discuss is how far it’s realistic to believe that social enterprises and social entrepreneurship would be able not only repairing capitalistic society but also incubating better society regarding to anti-global movements demand another world is possible or does it offer really a serious alternative to neoliberal projects of the market rule society is it only gives a response to the market failures and state failure and if it use the methods and organization forms common for profit-based business i don’t going to answer this question this is the question we have to discuss today well and then we can also try to evaluate or and to classify some project of social economy from perspective of three different approaches which is really put your divine in in the practice of social economy in different regions so we can talk about integrative approach subculture-based approach and financial emancipative approach well as a subculture-based approach is which is really based on on ethnic groups local communities especially indigenous peer people brazil is a good example i believe sabato’s movement in mexico is another one what you can say its subculture approach is very based on promote social economy as a mean of building own ethnic identity and to preserve cultural heritage and to create the economic base to survive the integrative approach is a in protest is really very popular in europe uh ec project the ec project of social economy is created and constructed from integrative approach emancipated approach is something which is i would say alternative approach very strong represented in brazil it’s really i believe that this country which most have projects with this mission to create a new society and to really practice new form of social life if we take integrative approach we should have some critical questions because integrative approach is very popular in europe and there are some really critical questions how far this integrative approach is excluded emancipative approach which is only very important but what is the critical question first of all with this very strong focus on job machine the very high level of dependency of state support it is a social economy which couldn’t be developed free she must be you know uh be located in uh so-called mission economy don’t gender you know the normal business life shouldn’t be really competitive to to the other subject uh it’s very high level of stigmatization the project which are really offered to these people are stigmatized by a market and by society this project prepares the people and you know democratic open management delivery and so on and so on and then these people who are really socially right in new structure of economy are sent to the economy which have different structure so that is something what is the gap between what social economy did and what social economy offers well thank you very much and the last point is the high danger of perpetuation of poverty by offering a low-paying job and maintains existing power structure so let’s you know be careful social economy if it’s constructed from the perspective of the integrative approach has some weakness and it is problematic it’s good people but well uh new social economic polling we have regulation and i would like to show you in the last three minutes uh some project which is really promote it is uh it’s called social integration centers it is something which could be established by municipalities i would say state or could be established and funded by civil society by ngos is addressed to the target group which i mentioned and it is should be supported by local city society i found donator stakeholders and it is possible to build on the local level marker as entrepreneur and mediator of labor that is a function regarding the labor market this very shortly well data is it is not very big project it is about now uh 23 central centers in what poland and we have still 2 400 municipalities so that is not very widespread product but what is the vocational integration program of this integration social centers courses and training to increase the skills effective job research and you see how many people really participate in this courses training workshops and that is also you know the field where where the centers are involved as a social that enterpre you know to get the skill to for people to organize uh social properties and for business uh a social entrepreneur fields of economic activities clinical innovation construction and so on you see there are some not very good paid activities anyway and who is the main customer of this office services or products first of all municipalities or multiple enterprises individuals but rather rare cooperatives and commercial enterprises and in spite of this all things the final assessment of six are very positive it is the assessment which was done by the research group which evaluate this six in in poland and the final assessment as you can read is rather very friendly and very positive and i believe this kind of of institution is going to do a very good job because it’s a combination of vocational training with some kind of therapy and coaching and it’s voting is very intensive so what is in some cases individual country so therefore you know their rate of the people who are who are going to get job is very high according to the service research 59 of the participants of the courses founded the job on the first labor market and i believe that it’s a really very remarkable record therefore i i would say it is interesting and maybe important to look at this model and maybe to try to implement it in other parts of the world thank you very much for your attention
rn

Civil society and social economy in Post- communist society.

rn

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