Episode 5 GCC 2021 -22 IITDAA 21 August 2021

Episode 5 GCC 2021 -22 IITDAA 21 August 2021

hey this is pradeep from sydney at 11 pm in the night we are in a shutdown as i welcome you all to episode 5 of global chapters and connections all the global uh engagement platform of iit delhi alumni association and in by way of housekeeping can i ask everybody to be on mute if they are not speaking otherwise i will mute all of you so today what do we have today we’ve got an alumni who’s called the fashion girl of technology man that’s an interesting one and she lives in singapore and then we’ve got another girl we’ve got natasha natasha is a textile engineer who’s now working with an american bank man fascinating and more importantly we have a country session today which is canada and we will hand it over to william ivey he’s got a very very interesting session planned out so first of all a big round of applause for anukmor single 1993 graduate from iit delhi living in singapore and as i mentioned earlier with the title she’s very well known in the fashion circles and called the fashion girl of technology i don’t know how that name came about but forward to you and we want to hear about your journey post rit and how did i know that you worked with lewis i know that you’re doing your own business but we’d all like to know more about you so okay ladies and gentlemen please give a round of applause and i want to see the hands stepping no no no no please don’t do that that’s very embarrassing really but uh yeah okay so i mean this all goes back to my iit days and actually when i joined iit i wanted to get into textiles because i wanted to be in the fashion industry but then what happened was that uh my rank was 600 something and you know that you know you there is always an influence from family members and i had two elder brothers who were in iit at that time and they said no no you will get chemical why don’t you take chemicals so you know there i was i didn’t take textiles i took chemicals and then i still realized as i was doing chemical engineering that i wanted to be in the fashion industry so right after iit uh when once i completed i went to national institute of fashion technology nift you might have heard the name right it’s the it’s the premier institute of fashion business in india and at nif delhi i did a sorts of uh mba in the fashion business so it’s called apparel marketing and merchandising and that’s how i got into the fashion business and after that i worked for two years with tcns which is now the company that holds a w brand so they came up with a w brand for the domestic market in india and after spending two years in the export business i thought like you know at that time tcns was just doing exports i went to levi’s and started working there six seven years i built the brand in india and then they wanted to roll out uh sap across the asia pack region and that’s how i moved to singapore because i understood the business i had a flare for technology so that’s how i moved and then we in three years we rolled out sap across 15 countries and guys can i keep asked you can ask me once again to mute you know as we were rolling out technology uh sap and then i went on to build okay okay can you hear me now yes and you know as we were rolling out uh yes i muted everybody now start again yes yes yes and i realized that um there was not a good system for data analytics at levi’s and we had rolled out sap but then to take out the business benefits from the rollout of you know sap like erp we said we must do a business process integration and build a whole data warehouse and you know find out where uh the you know pockets of revenue loss or pockets of productivity and profitability are there which can be leveraged so that’s how we actually uh you know i went into technology and after working uh till 2010 i was just turning 40 and then i said like okay uh i think i should do my own business and support my husband so he’s been a tech entrepreneur uh all this while so i joined him and then two three years later uh started slicer yes so this is very fascinating the first of all i i didn’t know that you were over 40. i thought you are 16. no no no i’m 50 now so yeah what really what 50 50 50. i just turned 50 this year yeah what else well you’ve got another career ahead of you in terms of beauty and makeup now i want to understand i think you must be the only girl who was so focused and said that i know i want to go into fashion because i remember when i joined iit and people used to tell me oh man you wanted to be an engineer i had no such desire all i knew was just sit for example and whenever you get in you just join as simple as that so of course we had one guy in our batch um gulramani he was very focused on two painting and all that and okay iit was just simply a past time but he’s very well he’s now in germany and you know really following his passion because at the end of the day really comes down to you know finding your passion and following your passion yeah but i i you know i got the impression that when you joined miffed and all that so you were kind of walking down the ramp but no no no no no no erp and data warehouses and all that wow i mean we had to i had to kind of you know justify my technical degree as well and and i do like technology and that’s why slicer was born so uh you know it’s slicer we have a data analytics platform that helps fashion businesses especially uh you know do better uh decision making this is data and visual analytics so that’s how that’s where my i’ve used my experience in fashion industry and in technology to kind of you know so what is slicer i know there’s a startup i know it’s got something to do with the analytics i know it’s got something to do with fashion but whatever so slicer is basically uh we create uh technology platforms so we’ve got a couple of products which help fashion businesses look at their data in a more intuitive way so uh data with product images as you can understand in fashion businesses images are very important and you know we found this need gap in the market that there were a lot of business intelligence tools a lot of reporting tools data warehouses were there and so on but not an easy way to integrate the images into the data analytics so that’s what our flagship product canvas does it basically matches up the company’s product images and their all kinds of data whether it be sales inventory plans uh product attributes product information it matches up these two things and helps users in a very intuitive way and what is the future so who’s the boss you or your husband [Laughter] no he manages he’s the founder of integrated retail and slicer canvas was his idea but he’s a co-founder at slicer and he does uh get involved in many sales and customer success uh related initiatives but product platform i’ve been working on yeah so both are just the corporate language that it had a good team kind of a thing yeah kind of not easy to work together so we’re tuned from here now you you started one another startup earlier you’re on to another startup now yes the way to so i think uh artificial intelligence machine learning is playing a big role in analytics right now and that is something that we’ve incorporated into our platform as well and i think the whole idea is with this whole remote working earlier i saw that a lot of companies were a little bit hesitant of putting their data on the cloud because our platforms are all on the cloud right and they were a bit hesitant but last couple of years that whole thing has just gone out of the window so everybody’s opened up the idea of cloud technology and putting like you know their information on the cloud people are not so reserved uh right now so i think there’s there’s a big trend that is happening that people aren’t getting comfortable with cloud technology they are getting comfortable with uh you know letting the system you know do some of the tasks and then use that to aid that decision making earlier it was all like okay it’s people focus right so it’s your strength and your skills and who is in your team what are their skill sets right now it’s not just that it’s also the tools and the processes that you’re putting together along with the team so that’s what i feel is that like there’s a big shift uh you know in the business owners or business leaders mindset right now so anything which you think can be done faster with the aid of technology and more intelligently that is what is going to work out so in your own areas of work if there are processes like if you just talk to the you know people who are actually doing the day-to-day job not the strategy but we’re actually doing the job and find out what are their pain points or where do they spend 60 percent of their time right and think of how we can automatically i’d love i love the story that you’re telling but i’m also keen to understand then how do you get the work life balance do you have kids i have a 20 year old boy 20 year old boy yeah wow and so how do you kind of do work-life balance you know because running your own business means it’s it’s a very much 24 7 involvement i mean literally yeah but now the thing is he’s older so he’s doing national service in singapore which is basically the army so he goes every day at 6 a.m and comes back at 7 00 pm so i don’t have to do too much for him in fact i don’t have to do anything for him he’s quite self-sufficient and the days uh for me and my husband to work in a lot of times we’re working from home going to office now with covet like you know so we get more time together so that’s nicer so it was absolutely fabulous to meet you of course i know you from before but from a gcc perspective it is absolutely fabulous to meet you thank you thank you i i want to pick up on what we’ve discussed today because there are a number of things as we go down the road for gcc this year and i will circle back to you and get you into it because uh like last year we will be having a global summit but we’ll also be having regional summits you know and we’ll also be building up uh you know platforms and networks into the asean because that’s what it is you know we need to look at all countries all over the world so thank you once again for joining in and thank you for talking to me and having me on this session thank you let’s give a big round of applause to another and have a lovely time i know singapore itself is going through some bangs of uh kovaid on and off kind of a thing and there is a talk of a bubble between australia and singapore but who knows you know yeah first australia is to get their act together goodbye for now thank you have a lovely evening thank you we now move over to our second guest of the day and that is another girl now i’ve got to remember the other girl that i’m talking about is somebody by the name of natasha she is a 25 graduate graduate now let me see 2015 graduates that means she must be what uh 2015 she would be about 21 and 64 27 28 and how old am i i’m going to be 66 this year so she’s just 40 years junior to me so please give a shout out applause to natasha natasha thank you so much pradeep sir for inviting me and i love this girl because she didn’t text her and she works with the american bank so maybe those people in the american bank wear some very good clothes or something like that i don’t know how that happened but over to you natasha please tell us um first of all also she is one of the office bearers of i to delhi alumni association so let’s hear your journey post iit natasha ah thank you sir uh so basically uh uh i started working in bank of america in 2015. i got campus placed in bank of america and i started working in business finance control bfc as we call it and i was working there and distressed loans and i worked in that department for about two years and later i wanted a shift and then i moved to another region and i changed my securities and then i started working on equities and i basically just want to put it out there i really like this company bank of america the best part of it was that it really provided me a very good work life balance i’m a person who really needs time for myself and it really suited me well you may be you’ll hear less people who say that they really like their company but yeah i am one of them and i i really uh like working there it had everything that a person like me would want so after the question over here do you like the dollars also they pay you yes okay uh so after working in the bfc for about three and a half years uh i wanted a shift and then is when i moved to uh quantitative services that’s a very entirely different department the profile was entirely new and i have been working in the department for i worked there for two years and then i changed my role to management since i am a graduate and i wanted to i got my interest into management and that is what i told and the management was very supportive and i moved to management and currently within bank of america i am in project management within quantitative services and i manage a team of like eight to ten people and uh while i was shifting from vfc to quantitative services i also developed this interest with uh iit delhi illumina association you know life gets pretty boring when you just uh you know do your routine i met some aluminized and they approached me for one of uh one of the ads that they were shooting for the benevolent funds of iit delhi luminaire association and since i was into dramatics when i was in uh college i used to do street plays we used to do we call it karnataka and i was very active in that we did a numerous number of you know street plays within the entire ncr and i used to love doing those and they knew that and they approached and i was like why not let’s relive that thing and we shot that ad and it was played in nagmi that we have and it it was really it was really an instant hit and they were like okay do you want to do more and i was like why not and then we started i started working with the one of the office bearers at that time and uh after working with them on like small small tasks you know why don’t you do a little research on this and this i found it very interesting to do and it was it was a great learning as well for me because i was trying to know things that i did not get to learn in my corporate life so that was very interesting and the people with whom i was you know getting in touch with and learning from their experience was very you know senior people and the way you know they could comprehend and explain things that was like very different from what i used to see and talk about with my teams in my bank so i liked it and it really got me more curious to work and then then president mr atul he asked me that if you so into all these things why don’t you come and be a part of a team and then i fought the elections in 2019 and 2018 and then i i remember i was so much into it i won the highest number of votes over there and i was an office builder and i i worked with them i started learning in my first year second year you know i was the convener of the webinars i was into it so they’re like okay you understand you’re young you understand technology why don’t you because everything is now is going to be online so they made me the convener and it was very interesting because i was a part of almost all the webinars that used to happen and i used to listen to all these new things so i think i got the most exposure in the sense of learning and that was really great and this year this is very fascinating at one end you were the poster girl for the endowment fund at the other end you were fighting elections and on the other hand here you are bossing over people at office oh man this is great so tell me one thing which kind of strikes me is that how did he happen to land into bangkam after textile and you see i find that a lot of people in your age group today are either wanting to be entrepreneurs or wanting to go also into you know ias ips and all that so did you also have any side thoughts or was it like a straight uh like another that you wanted to win go on for fashion that you wanted to go for a bank or something like that uh so uh two questions here so i’ll address them i love it i love it how you analyzed into two questions love it thank you sir so basically the first one how i landed the job so uh as we all know the campus placement process it’s pretty straight word straightforward you you you have a list of companies on the portal you look forward what they are what you are if you are eligible or not i was i was not a very you know bright kid that i am very clear like that what i have to do i know i was not very clear so like a normal iit and i applied for every company since day one and i was you know trying to give the test packet and it was bank of america used to come on day four so i was clear with the test i passed the gd interview and then i was like wow yeah so they’re like okay job is done so that was it i was not very clear okay what is happening but you know jesse you land the job and then you’re like a chub karnagine again i read about it i like it and enjoying it and it turtle be really good so that is how i landed the job not very clear but it was my luck and about the the question that did i had an other thoughts so yes i did so like like all my peers in iit when i was in third year i started doing my uh coaching for upsc so i was like is you know my coaching and my starting of my third year my when my sixth semester start after initially i was very pumped up keep curling it started studying got to know more about it okay it got clear with thank you what to study how to study what to do then with time it you know when you read more about the jobs how how much it’s not that easy to you know go into uh after tracking the civil services the job is not very easy even the the struggle of getting there it’s not very easy and then in there after studying for one year i really worked hard af you know doing the courses and studying eight hours every day i knew that this is not meant for me i’m not meant for uh this so i i left it there and i was there okay this part is you know natasha what is uh lovely about you is your authenticity no and and you know keep this because this is a very very good trait in today’s world when everybody is trying to create not only the digital images but you know another image of themselves it’s so nice to meet people who are so authentic and of course this forum is very much like that so it was absolutely fabulous to talk to you and uh you know it has also given me an opportunity to know you better than to kind of involve you as you go further down to gcc park you know so once again you know please give a round of applause for natasha and natasha we took 10 minutes do you know that okay so now we move across to the third item on the agenda today which we are kick-starting by having a country focus so for that i will hand over the mic so as to say my friend vijay aguili from toronto who has got put together this program from canada so over to you vijay and please give a round of applause to which i by the way what time is it in toronto at the moment nine o’clock president 9 25 in the saturday morning that’s okay that’s okay that’s uh oh man 11 30 in the night yeah but that’s okay it’s over to you yeah in the program you close your eyes so i was wondering like when you sleep do you keep your eyes open oh you are still in mute yeah we can hear you yeah yeah we can hear you very much we can hear you vijay okay okay yeah hello everyone and uh good morning from toronto but maybe evening night in other parts of the world and uh welcome to canada for kind of focus uh program of today uh my name is vijay valli i’m a 77 batch of b-tech textiles and from jola mckee hostel i spent first 23 years in bombay in the texas industry and then moved to toronto in the year 2000 and lasted 20 years in toronto in the [Music] you didn’t think of going down to the fashion industry i know because they’re joking just joking yes please appreciate your screen you can’t scare your screen yeah okay one second yeah i guess this yes we can see your screen now yeah one second let me just zoom in yeah okay so welcome once again so the uh all the attendees you know especially the new uh people who are attending so please uh write your full name phone number password here degree and hostile name in the chat box so that will help us in you know in the forward events so uh brief about uh itd alumni in canada before we move to the speakers uh in uh 2020 as you all know uh itd alumni solution decided to expand its outreach of alumni worldwide and they constituted the gcc and canada is one of the leading chapters as it has a significant number of uh alumni and is a well-defined organization of all the iits called iit alumni canada so i tell you my candle is like basically for all all the iit alumni in one umbrella so though um iitdaa started last year iitscii has been going for 30 plus years and it’s a very well oiled uh organization in just a perspective uh in canada we have itd members from the very first batch of 1966 puzzled and due to the most recent 20 19 20 batch as well so we got a very wide spectrum and we need to cater to every uh taste so to say so as per my estimation there are about 300 itd alumni in canada and so far we have been i’ve been able to identify about 50 plus itdns in in toronto another in the whole of canada and thanks to my friends in the vancouver calgary and other places so a little bit about canada most of you know but it’s a little different from the usa in terms of diversity we have people from 200 countries in canada and if you go to any school you’ll find with your children from 50 countries at least and but there’s also inclusiveness so so people try to include you know each other accommodating them and one difference with respect to us is uh uh typically in u.s people go on the job and then they become the citizens but here you know we come on our own and then we look for a job so many times we end up with like a contract job that’s why they come to know us and many times we start like individual business like my own uh with respect to canada there are some like it’s not very open like in the sense you know you don’t know who your neighbor is in the way we know back in india but they’re all like you know every country has its own uh a little bit of different things like even a bit of a racism and weather of course is the extreme over here and in order to connect alumni with alumni or persons with a similar interest to connect for mutual benefit and helping one another for their interactions or career or business so the iit alumni uh helps you know in this aspect it will also help the future immigrants some of them may be the listeners during this uh today’s event uh you know in case you wish to come to canada then what to do how to do and how to go about so with this in uh as a brief intro and we’ll be going to the next uh which is like four main topics uh uh by virendra jha solena sharma maybe panthera and ragu murphy and of whatever questions people have i request them to put it in the chat box and i would like to introduce raju goteti so raju goteti would be the moderator for the questions and so he will be coming in at the end of the talks and uh you know answering the taking the questions and arranging the answers now after the question answer session so we have uh anirban kundu so he has uh wants to say a couple of words sentences and then uh we have got code of facts so uh let’s uh start with the first i talk of the day it’s by uh veerendra but the introduction is by vinod yeah greetings to everyone in this room um my name is vinod chook i am the iitd alumni from 1990. um it’s my honor to introduce dr virendra to this session um dr jai is an iotd alumni from the class of 1968 mechanical engineer he did a masters from mcmaster phd from concordia and also a chartered director from the mcmaster university so he has achieved quite a bit in the academia and by the way when he was in iitd he stayed in three different hostels so he made lots of friends that shows how popular he was moving around in different hostels in three years so dr jah in canada he has about 42 years of experience in the canadian space program and earned many leadership and executive roles in both private and public sectors he was lately vice president and acting president of the canadian space agency he provided the strategic direction for the whole space program in canada and led several major projects including canadian participation in the international space station the radar set program and anik f2 satellite program so pretty a great career in terms of the space program space program in canada dr jaw has published almost 20 papers in the same space industry he has served as board members for five technology related not for profit organizations and he is currently a member of aecl’s board of director for those who don’t know aecl is the pioneer canadian nuclear industry basically everything in the new and everything that canada has in the nuclear industry is because of acl and and i’m also part of the nuclear industry for those who don’t know me uh i started in india almost 13 years in 30 years in nuclear industry i’ve been working so i’m glad to see that he’s part of acl and dr ja please give my regards to fred the market who is the ceo of acl at this time and and hopefully we’ll meet soon and finally dr jha has received the order of canada that’s the top most canadian civilian award amongst other several awards he has received so welcome award dr veranda floor is yours thank you thank you very much vinod that was absolutely fabulous i can i could feel the sparks the nucleus parts when you were talking but over to verandah i think you have daredevil you have to you have to stop sharing your screen if you want you render to you know show yourself oh sorry okay sorry yeah i think you’re talking to yourself uh virenda are you there i saw you yeah you had joined them let me exactly what is the story okay can you hear me now oh hi how are you so good to see you oh thank you pradeep okay so what i’ve been asked to do is eight minutes give some summary so what i’ve selected is i’ll give you briefly a description of uh space projects where i feel they’re important worldwide but i also feel that because canada has participated in those projects so i’ve chosen those so i’ll be talking about james webb space telescope i’ll be talking about the gateway program radar set program and some of the constellations of satellites the first one which i’m very excited about is james webb space telescope this is a project which has been in works for almost 15 years and i think the total cost has gone up to about 10 billion dollars what this is going to be is the next space telescope after hubble and hubble can see about 12 billion years of what happened in space this one is going to allow us to see what we call the first light so this will go back to the looking at the origin of the universe just to give you a very quick two-minute background on the origin when the universe got created it was too hot it was too hot to the point that even the subatomic particles like quarks and leptons could not combine because of heat when it started cooling a bit then some of these particles had strength to connect because the temperature was not too hot then we had the first formation of neutrons and protons and things like that when it further cooled then the first element which got formed was hydrogen and due to gravity when hydrogen started collecting together then this hydrogen converted into helium and that’s when the first stars developed and that’s when the first light in the universe started before that it was all dark so the first 400 million year or so the universe was dark and then the stars began to form and the light started this whole thing happened from the beginning about 14 billion years ago so this james webb space telescope is going to be positioned in one of the lagrange points in space which means everything is space moves but this will be at a point where it does not move and it has a infrared detector so it will be able to detect the first light which started 13 and a half 14 billion years ago and obviously has reached the earth now and just to another to make it understandable you know when you see a train coming the frequency changes if it comes towards you and frequency changes as it goes away the same phenomena is used in space because the galaxies are moving away from each other and when they are moving away the frequency changes and the light moves from what they call the red shift with the frequency moves towards red color and from that they can establish the distance and also by the intensity of light they can know how far it is so this is how this thing works canada has contributed to this program major program contributors are usa europe and canada so i’m very excited about this this will be launched in october this year so you should not keep your ears open and would be very exciting program and for the first time in human history we will know how the universe looked when it first got created the second program i’m going to talk about is gateway program again canada is part of participating in general it’s called artemis this is the program where at least the western countries are going back to moon so there’s a multiple system there’s a launch system there is going to be a station on the moon there’s going to be a rotating space station around the moon and again canada is providing all the robotics no which will be viewed in this program sorry somebody had questions no no no no question at all please okay the third program which i’m talking about is radar set this is very unique to canada canada was the first country to design this type of satellite we can take image of the earth using microwave which means whether it’s night or the day we can take the image of the earth most of the other imaging satellites which rotate around the earth are optical which means if the clouds come if the night comes they cannot take the image but radar set can take the image because of the microwave we use radar to take the image and canada has been positioned in this field as probably the most advanced country the fourth thing which i’m going to talk about is constellations the satellite sizes have become so small now that you can launch thousands of them i think uh spacex is launching about six thousand there’s uh you know there are multiple constellations canada has a company called teleset which will be launching about 600 satellites the idea of all these constellations is to provide internet globally at high speed so when i started my carrier we used to have geosynthetic satellite and the capacity was limited now with this approach throughout the world we would not need any infrastructure other than you know you you will be able to receive through a small internet at your house all kind of information so this is a very brief summary i can talk more but because the time i limit here thank you very much and you know what i’m excited about is that you are excited about these programs yes and and what i really love is that you know you know you are the the first i suppose the indian recipient of uh the highest order in in canada i’m also proud of the fact that you know you were ahead of what is equivalent of nasa in the u.s or what is the equivalent of indian space agency it’s an honor to meet you and i remember that time when we had lunch in montreal beautiful memories beautiful memories thank you and we will be involving you more in the days ahead to come into gcc as you have lot to contribute please give a round of applause to whatever one more thing i was asked that how could iits get involved in the space sector and the answer is very simple i think most of the people who work in space industry come from different background there’s no such thing as space technology space technology is a combination of many technologies so you have mechanical engineering you have structural dynamics you have thermal engineering you have microwave engineering digital engineering so all these things are needed for the space one way to get in is start following a aerospace program or do graduate program in any of these engineering uh find a co-op program which then you find opportunities to get into short-term training during the co-op with the space industry and that might be the best approach in canada you know the space industry is not big the space agency does hire there’s a company called mda which is the most uh hardware producing company and there are many small companies in usa i think uh getting into space industry is going to be hard because of security clearances but people can obviously work in israel it’s easier to get into europe in the space industry and if someone has any specific question i’ll be happy to answer and i’ll stop here okay thank you and back to you vijay uh sorry then next speaker is um uh sunday sharma probably some of you know and he’ll be introduced by a bridger sharma so the both uh sharma’s in one plate so bridge can you please admit yourself and start yes uh thanks vijay and thank uh thank you pradeep for organizing this it was so wonderful to meet with you know well we’ll have some time to meet in person i have spoken to you a couple of years back when i was on the iit alumni board but now it is a covet time so this is the only way we can interact we hope that it’ll end soon uh so i’m here to introduce surin the sharma surrender is the iit uh delhi alumni electrical engineer and uh he’s the founder of founder and president of power saving systems company in canada which is a leading energy conservation service and they assist in helping businesses and and owners uh reducing the energy footprints basically trying to be more energy efficient and uh he has been a pioneer in in this area and conducted several workshops in this field and he has over 500 projects he has completed in this direction and almost more than 20 000 businesses uh he has helped retrofit uh energy efficient lighting and systems so saving energy in a great way so that’s really you know kudos to him and his team and he’s also in addition to being you know helping the other businesses he was a part of the board of mississauga board of trade for over six years and he’s been director there and he has also been very active in general life he was founder and chair for panorama india in 2001 and so he has helped uh iitns in a big way the newcomers he has been a mentor and he was a fast president of iit alumni canada and he was a committee a member of the committee which created the constitution for iit alumni canada go green is the mantra and he has taken it very seriously to his heart and he’s helping you know a lot of initiative into the community and businesses uh by integrating integrating uh you know these uh energy efficiency uh product into the businesses and helping a lot of owners so i won’t spend much time i’ll actually directly request surrender to so before you go bridge can we just know your year of passing out which discipline which hostel and which city in canada okay that’s good i should have introduced myself i was in nilgiri in the beginning and i was i passed 1986 and i did my masters in physics and it was part of physics and electrical engineering later it is called microelectronics it was initially part of the physics and electrical engineering and i i worked in center for applied research in electronics for over 10 years as a senior scientist and also part of the faculty later on and i worked on one of the program which was actually crucial for akash missile that phase shifter that was the component developed in iit delhi so i feel like i really enjoyed the time i spent probably that was the best time of my life when i spend an identity that’s very fabulous bridge and a round of applause for bridge and which city in canada are you in uh i’m in mississauga which is actually well you can say gta oh yes i i know mrs sagar very well i mean that is uh a lot of indians live in mississauga and that is that vijay also stays and once when i was in toronto i stayed with vijay so i know mr sagar very well so thank you very much and back to you for on forwarding to surrender uh thank you vijay and thank you bridge thank you pradeep for this opportunity well i’m from delhi public school and then hey where tps are you from which one oh road which yeah did you pass out let me talk about this later on later on later on okay i have been in jolanki hostel electrical engineering department and during school days i was a daily state boys table tennis champion and in fact in one year 1966 i won the delhi himachal and rajasthan boys titles in table tennis so getting into iit obviously my big passion was for sports and i was also the football goalkeeper and when i was unbeaten two enter iit meets then once i was also pulled up to an emergency when our hockey team was very strong but they had a weak goalkeeper so i i was asked if i would like to be the hockey goalkeeper and then my joining the hockey team we got the gold medal in the entirety meet that year then i served as a general secretary sports and with all that background i was quite a popular figure in fact in the kalash hostel also a little bit of humor so whenever my matches were played in the golam key hostel uh the the bigger crowd used to come to my tt matches due to two reasons i don’t know whether vg remembers number one was of course to watch my game the second was uh every match there were three four girls from kalash was still coming to watch the match so the boys used to have some fun and and wanted to go and drop them off at kalash hostel after the match so this is a joke i’m exceeding then when i became the general secretary sports that year they decided to draft out formal constitutions of the student bodies which was sports uh rca then student affairs and the hostel management so i was part of the committee which drafted in those early days and during my tenure there were three directors actually are in dogra retired then dr luthra took over for a while and then dr swanee swani was finally appointed as a director so i saw during my term as general secretary three directors and had very close interaction with three of them and also of course had with dr subramanian swami who created that time uh first of all a workers union then a staff union and then his target was to form a student’s union when i was there that time and in fact i was the one who resisted and they even brought jaitley who uh was a finance minister till recently and passed away from modi’s cabinet he was the president of the delhi university union that time to convince us and brought a draft copy how we should form a student union there but i took a stand that since we have drafted these four bodies and we are running it so smoothly there’s no need for a student’s union and in fact there was a little bit of uh anger in some groups once a fire was also set up in my room my clothes were burnt when a meeting was going on all those things i have seen through during the times of iit but i think the bottom line was my focus was that the reputation of the iit brand should not go down in any way and as a student leader i ensured that the reputation of iit was always upheld that was a little story about the iit then i started my career as a management trainee with the engineering usha fans at calcutta then i moved to scooters india then finally i was general manager at one wire which is punjab wireless systems communication company at chandigarh and during that time at chandigarh we formed a formerly an iit alumni with bridge gulati as president i think he’s still running the association there and the first dinner was held at my house in fact uh professor aaron dogra and kanta dogra both came to my house and they were he had retired and settled in chandigarh the first director of iit he attended our uh iit alumni dinner at my place so there are some sweet memories and from chandigarh i moved to bombay as a general manager with the electricals after serving for about four years then i moved to bahrain with al khaja they were the manufacturers of daikin air conditioners in the middle east and there i in one of the nri seminars i met manu chabria he invited me to join jumbo electronics at dubai as a general manager and then we did a lot of startups of manufacturing sector in and we almost captured the market in the whole six agcc countries for freezers coolers ice cream converters and and cooking ranges all manufactured in dubai and that gave me good opportunity to travel to europe bringing in new technologies into middle east then in 95 i moved to canada and joined qbd cooling systems in brampton in fact that offer also came to me while i was working in dubai and i must say that god has been very kind to me that i have never applied for jobs and always automatically things moved and they have rolled in such a way and until 2002 i uh worked with qubit cooling system then decided now let me do something on my own when i started power saving systems i think uh with collaboration with a u.s company called energy automation systems at the same time canada signed the puerto protocol and when cretchen came back he launched a lot of programs to bring efficiency in the existing buildings and here in ontario uh premier dalton agency started a program by which because about 35 percent of the power in uh ontario was through coal-fired generating stations so his focus was that how we can shut the coal-fired generating station and the only way was conservation somebody any question no no no question somebody but they’ve muted themselves so um thereafter the local utilities took up a lot of programs and we got opportunity to play a leadership role in doing seminars and workshops on behalf of utilities and then running their programs also because they didn’t hire people to do everything so they subcontracted to companies like us so we were running the small business lighting programs in the in the gta and that’s how we did about 25 000 uh shops across mississauga toronto markham and bringing in efficiency and that also went into two phases you know first it was uh t8 fluorescent lamps and all that and then it came to electronic ballast and and t8s and then finally we came to leds so in two phases all this consumption happened and i’ll tell you that it is a big achievement which ontario has done because they took this program at an early date and in about 10 years time all the coal-fired generating stations were shut out and there was absolutely no and no new nuclear plants were set up so all this came from the conservation which was done and there were two tag lines which my company would develop to bring in a culture of conservation from from a culture of consumption you know if you shift from a culture of uh consum conservation that is the only solution then turning the wasted wasted energy into dollars that is another solution which is the tagline in fact some of the utilities wanted to take it but i always kept that in your brochures so this has been a big and the program which we followed was a six step uh way to bringing energy conservations and i think uh now slowly i’m now downsizing my business and enjoying life and leading a more uh happy retired life so tell me yes surrender when the temperatures reached 54 degrees in british columbia did they suddenly remember you in british columbia well uh this is this is how it happens you know you have to balance everything when you uh put too much of uh coal and too much of carbon into the atmosphere it is definitely embellishing the whole system and it results into that so we have to bring control on our habits on our consumption and protect the planet at the same time so the coming generations are happy they don’t face similar situation what you said so i can see that you walk the talk because you know you even shut yourself out and i can only see the wall maybe to conserve energy and that’s all right a big round of applause for sure thank you so back to vijay next is naming so who’s introducing naming of course nemi does not require any introduction but who is going to formally introduce naming heights praveen i will be introducing hello sorry i didn’t admit myself okay yeah yeah um are going to be introducing uh kumar bhantia maybe yes i am unmuted yeah please thank you thank you egypt so obviously it’s my pleasure and honor to introduce dr nami bhantia he graduated in 1982 uh in civil engineering and while at iit delhi he resided at arabili and jawala hostels looks like today quite a few people from marawi india i’m actually from karakoram um he’s a distinguished professor and senior canada research here at university of british columbia his primary area of research is in sustainable concrete infrastructures and he has also led india canada center known as ic impact actually it’s a very uh center um the center is supported by both indian and canadian governments and it’s a 60 million dollar center which is involved in applied research with india in water infrastructure and public health and dedicated to bringing advanced technology to communities in canada and india and main point noted here it is not just only bringing advanced technology to india but also from india and within canada actually to canada okay can we have your introduction as to which era passing out and etc etc sure i will do that once i am complete in a few seconds dr bunty’s introduction sure so dr ubuntier holds nine patents and he has published over 450 research paper he serves on the editorial board of many international general and is the editor-in-chief for the journal of cement and concrete composite and he has been recognized by many institutes and universities for his exemplary research and leadership in 2018 dr bantia received global citizenship award by the ubc alumni association and of course we all know in 19 in 2020 iit daily recognized him with the distinguished alumni award for contribution to teaching and research and dr buntier’s fellow of american conqueror institute canadian society of civil engineering royal society of canada and many more other societies and institutes so of course uh i can go on for to introduce uh amy he’s a good friend and mentor here in vancouver uh but uh of course he will talk more about it and just just if you ask about my introduction actually i am from i did my undergrad from iit roorkee in 87 89 i graduated from iit delhi in mechanical engineering department and since i was an academic actually taught in iit roorkee as a assistant professor later on i moved to us worked in automotive industry for about 15 years ford motor company and trw and zf i was a director of engineering there and later on i moved to canada and then for last 15 years i’ve been working with canada post corporation as their pacific engineer pacific regions director of engineering responsible for all infrastructure programs and engineering did you move to canada no when trump came to power because it’s been a long time i was in detroit and canada and windsor was just across the street yeah i know i’m so without further adieu hand over to dr nimi benthia thank you thank you very much praveen and and thank you again vijay for the opportunity and certainly what a great idea to have this wonderful country focus i really like the idea so thank you so much to pradeep as well for this great idea you know when vijay asked me i said can you talk about something so i caught i thought i could give you a 30 minute course on fracture mechanics instead but then i was told that that would not be a very good idea so uh what i thought i could do is maybe give a gen overview of the canadian academic and landscape uh in innovation canadian academics you know scene is very different from around the world it’s very different certainly from the united states and it’s got certain unique features and of course certain unique challenges as well and i think i thought i’ll give you a broader overview of that academic scene here so currently there are 106 universities in canada and as you know we are a bilingual country so some of them offer actually fully french instruction here so there are universities that only teach in french so if you compare that to united states u.s has four thousand universities so we are really a very small player in this field and india has about a thousand universities so i think we are very small compared to india as well i think in terms of number of universities here we are only 37 million people of course so i think we are small in many ways but it’s a it’s a country that really stresses on education so currently if you bought 1.4 million students enrolled in canadian universities and the university sector is seen as a 38 billion dollar enterprise and employs over 300 000 people so it’s a very large undertaking for the government itself let me talk a little bit about the governance of canadian universities now most people believe that we don’t have private universities but we actually do so in canada in canada we have private universities but they are all religious in nature so these are theological institutions which uh which run as private universities we might have heard about trinity western and british columbia sent mary’s in alberta canadian mennonite in manitoba these are all private universities which are completely devoid from you know any other provincial governance but while there are no private universities in canada and canada and and why are in their private universities so in canada most of me you may know health and education are provincial responsibilities so accordingly all our secular universities are public and they’re public because they take public money for educating the provincial population so that’s one of the reasons why there are no uh private universities in canada because it’s a provincial responsibility provinces therefore also keep a significant control for example at ubc where i am half of the board is appointed by the government which is in fact very different from other countries so half of our board actually comes from you know these are board appointees from the government so with and and one thing that the provinces do is that they provide very very good provincial support for universities so with this copious financial support that comes from from the government to these universities canadian universities being very well funded and if they since they cover pretty much entire spectrum of studies there are very few niches to fill and there is not a lot of room for private universities in india in canada sorry so if anybody is thinking of starting a private universities in canada it’s not going to succeed because really the canadian public universities are extremely well funded now since all universities are publicly funded our fees are very low and i think those of you i think who are thinking about sending your children to canada for studies this would put a smile on your face our fees are probably one of the lowest in the world in the canadian schools and they are some of the top schools here but our fees are very very low on an average a canadian student at a canadian university will only pay a little over eight thousand in annual tuition compare that to united states of course we have a foreign student pay about five times more but it’s still actually much lower than the united states fees in even the b b uh b-tier schools so i think this is a really strong i think feature of canadian schools that our fees are extremely low now because our fees are low that also immediately leads to foreign students actually so canada now ranks third globally in foreign student attraction beyond the united states and australia so we are third in terms of attracting foreign students and canada’s international student population has now tripled over the last decade to about three quarters of a million so there’s three quarters of a million students foreign students studying in canada at the moment in such a small popular country with such a small population now let me something let me tell you something that would be very surprising to you most foreign students in canada do not come from china as many of you may actually know or think in fact they come from india so the largest number of foreign students coming to canada are now from india currently we have 220 000 students from india canada so it’s a very large quarter of a million students actually literally are in uh in canada uh doing foreign studies uh from from india and the chinese number is only hundred and forty thousand and it’s dropping quite rapidly because of the political issues as well but we have we are in fact the largest uh i would say foreign study supplier or you know training supplier to the to to the indians now there is of course it’s a two-way street educating foreigners is a big industry here international students contribute about 22 billion dollars annually to countries economy you can imagine how much money the indian students are making bringing to canada for example so this industry’s 22 billion dollar industry teaching these foreigners uh in our country or during these foreign students and it helps create 170 000 jobs so clearly i think in canada is very interested in bringing more foreign students to uh uh to canada so for the remaining time let me talk a little bit about research and innovation in canadian universities so we are of course very well funded first and foremost and something perhaps surprising to most of you canadian universities rank very highly uh and they and four of them are actually in the top 50 in the world rankings as per the times higher education and us ranking institutions such as university of toronto university of british columbia and mcgill are ranked actually in the top 40. most people you know when you think about top ranking schools you always think about united states and other places but we have three universities that are in the top 40. get this university of toronto is ranked higher than cornell which is an ivy school at ivy league school it’s higher it’s ranked higher than northwestern it is ranked higher than nyu and it’s ranked higher than carnegie mellon so clearly we have in fact some of the top schools in this country who are ranked much much higher than some of the american schools that we think of as the sort of icons in the field university of british columbia where i am is ranked higher than king’s college london georgia tech and in fact epfl in switzerland as well actually so we certainly have very highly ranked schools in this in this country now let’s separate research from innovation and that’s the last thing i want to talk about and i think this is our challenge i think in canada is innovation so let’s count research output in the form of peer-reviewed papers and innovation in the form of patents and here is in fact there is an inconsistency between what we produce as research output in terms of papers and what we produce in terms of patterns uh that and patterns leading of course to products and then eventually let’s connect it to the knowledge economy and this is really the challenge canada faces as a large country and that’s where i think of the the incongruence i want to point out now canada produces 4.1 of all scientific papers in the world 4.1 of all scientific papers in the world and remember we are only 0.4 percent of our population so we are punching in fact 10 times our weight of our population or percentage of population in terms of producing knowledge we produce so many peer-reviewed papers from this country that it’s actually something to be very very proud of but on the other hand canada produces only 1.7 of world patents so there is this kind of incongruence between producing research and actually producing a patent and producing products so why is this why is this kind of this dichotomy why is this in congress inconsistency and why is it the canada research powerhouse but it’s not an innovation powerhouse and this is actually something that bothers the canadian government a lot so here’s my take on it why we are not actually squaring squaring these two things canadian faculty is really well funded through government funding councils that’s in fact a good thing but that’s also part of the problem here surprisingly when you consider the purchasing property and the fact that the university overheads in canada for government sponsored researchers zero take this our overheads in this country are zero if it’s a government sponsored research which really means that our purchasing power is much much higher for every dollar and government sponsors being the source of our funding canadian faculty you’ll be very surprised has nearly twice the amount of funding per capita than their american counterparts we have twice the amount of funding than our american parts which means that there is a lot of money for research and this of course produces research output but really not patents now why doesn’t it produce patents this is because canada remains largely a resource economy 83 we are a resource completely a resource-based economy 83 percent of canada’s gdp and exports are tied to resources such as petroleum alberta of course lumber british columbia minerals british columbia and ontario and even water with the north american free trade agreement united states consumes nearly 80 percent of canadian raw materials and with this very easy flow of goods canadian businesses face very little competition and that’s part of the problem and this has made our business uh you know businesses here in this country pardon my expression lately and without the need to innovate we are pumping resources and essentially selling it out to the market and i think this is what really needs to change so what’s in store for the academic sector in canada personally i believe that a low innovation high standard of living equilibrium is highly unsustainable volatile resource prices changing demographics and increasing economic protectionism think about trump now exposing canada’s business innovation weakness and generating pressures to become a more innovative country in the coming years here’s our challenge for the canadian academy canadian academic sector needs to innovate and yes it should keep producing high quality research papers no doubt about that and that’s we are very good at that but it should also learn to convert research into patents and patents to products and services this is our biggest challenge the canadian academic sector is facing there are many new programs now my tax for example the innovation superclusters that i know raju is involved with uh raja goditi is involved with as well in terms of super clusters and of course icy impacts which is also doing its own bit in terms of creating more patterns in the in the international global scene and these will support these objectives of becoming canada a more innovative country rather than a resource-based country that pumps resources and sells them in the world market canada needs to be both nimble and adaptive so thank you so much for my stu for listening to me and if there are any questions i’ll be happy to answer thank you presentation this has been absolutely excellent and may i tell the group that last year naomi co-authored a great paper for helping iit delhi increase its global rankings so once again a big round of applause for naming thank you back to you vijay thank you thank you to my government it’s very nice to hear you always so more so today so uh then we move on to the next uh um so our next uh speaker is some of you know but he will probably be better introduced by vikrant verma vikrant are you on with yourself yes i have can you hear me yes yes we can hear you okay yeah yeah please go ahead and introduce thanks a lot for uh this opportunity uh again my name is vikrant i am 2001 passout textile uh first batch in first b tech batch in vindiya um so i am also one of the textile engineers who’s working in banking like one of the speakers we had actually so it’s my pleasure to introduce raghu um so raghu graduated in 2004 uh from i.t delhi with b-tech in chemical engineering and he’s a he’s my neighbor like he’s from the shivalik hostel he has spent most of his career in the energy sector across coal gas wind hydro some trivia about ragu is that raghu went to dps at rkpuram it seems like we have quite a few number of people here um so he was an active participant in dramatics and he did his hostel proud when shivalik went from a non-entity culturally to second in uh in brca which is actually a big feat um he has lived and worked in seven countries across india korea singapore ireland uk us and now canada um and raghu will basically spend the next few minutes on canada and the global historical and projected trends in energy so i’ll just pass it over to raghu for his uh for sharing his thoughts on this thank you vikrant can everybody hear me yes we can absolutely yeah i’m going to be sharing my screen let me know if you can see my screen yes yes we can see okay so i think being in the energy industry you really get a sense that you’re a little bit in the front seat of history because so much change has happened and so much change continues to happen um if you think about canada canada is uh very lucky to have the world’s third largest fresh water supply anywhere you go there’s one other thing you know that when you move from other countries to canada you get the feeling anywhere you go in a few months you see a freshwater lake so it’s it’s it’s very privileged to have that amount of fresh water and the result of that is uh canada has really done a nice job in setting up a very sustainable energy part path uh to their economy sixty percent of canada’s electricity comes from hydro this is uh the highest of any major economy to have such a high percentage coming from a non-fossil fuel and uh if you think about hydro i mean you know we get these visions of the poker and angle dam and what nehru used to say it is an old technology that’s evolving but it still remains extremely relevant [Music] solar and wind are are more fashionable but they have issues of having intermittent power solar doesn’t work in the night same for a little bit for wind what the benefits of hydro is it’s uh it’s it provides stable power it’s more than 90 efficient it’s a little bit like that hero honda ad that they used to say you know fill it shut it forget it you build the asset and then you basically forget about it it keeps running so canada built their assets 50 60 years ago and they basically require almost zero maintenance we now export power to the us and it to me it’s very fascinating i mean most of the utilities in india right now are bankrupt but if you think about the canadian utilities in in quebec or ontario they are so profitable they annually return to the canadian government 3 billion of free cash and income pack of revenue to canada so overall it’s been a fantastic sustainable and business model for canada uh with the taking full advantage of what nature gave it in terms of fresh water uh but to me uh when you talk about energy it’s difficult to talk regionally i was on a vacation last week in the canadian rockies in alberta and for a few days i had you know it’s great mountain air but then for three days the air qualities was worse than anything i’ve ever seen in delhi which is to what you know pradeep sir was alluding to the forest fires which started in california went to british columbia came to alberta and the air you think you go to the canadian rockies and the air is thick with smoke um and so energy is always going to be not a regional energy is always going to be a global issue if you look at the global macro trends that have happened over the course of and i worked in the energy industry the graph is a little bit small so i just kind of talked through you know a little bit these are the bars of how the cost of electricity have changed for the main sources in the past 10 years um so coal and nuclear are here they’ve been flat and they’ve gone up at about 150. solar has gone from almost 400 to below 100 onshore wind has also gone below a hundred now offshore wind is tending to a hundred so the net beauty that’s happened over the past ten years is renewable energy is finally competitive or even lower cost than fossil fuel which used to be unthinkable and one of the ways it’s happened is really through through uh through government support a very substantial and generous tax credits and grants in the us for both solar and wind has led to 50 percent increase year over year uh china completely monopolized solar manufacturing with the direct government support all the you know most of the pv panels today of solar and surrender sir can probably speak to this better than me are made in china uh the panel costs have gone down by 80 percent um and lastly and this is a phenomena that’s happened in the past three to four years offshore wind used to be a scien
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Episode 5 GCC 2021 -22 IITDAA 21 August 2021

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