Why is the Italian island of Lampedusa a magnet for migrants?

Why is the Italian island of Lampedusa a magnet for migrants?

dawn breaks on the fishing waters of lampadusa and with it a distant outline it’s a small boat packed with people the italian border police have seen the boat and are on their way on board there are 12 migrants young men who wave and offer victory salutes they’ve come from tunisia the police follow their boat and they send over a couple of officers in a rigid inflatable to guide the migrants towards the port and this is why lampedusa is so important in the story of migration those people have traveled in that boat from tunisia about 80 miles away and when they land on this island they’ll be in the european union the migrants arrive in harbour they’re kept on board for a while details are taken but eventually they step off they’re given medical tests and then taken away in vans and this is where they go an overcrowded detention center that looks a lot like a prison sangare had arrived the previous night she told us she’d escaped abuse in ivory coast and had come here on a packed boat from tunisia [Music] [Music] the dark is often used as cover smugglers can transfer migrants from large ships onto much smaller boats making them harder to spot on the night we went out police and coast guard were looking for seven different vessels they do pursue smugglers but mostly their job is about search and rescue and it is relentless the morning brings more evidence of migrant arrivals the waters around lampadusa are dotted with these abandoned vessels littered with food and rubbish the skipper of our boat removes fuel from them as a safety measure this the debris left by desperate people making dangerous journeys and those voyages start here on the tunisian coast itself a seascape of discarded wrecks this whole area is a center for the lucrative business of people smuggling migrants come here to offer cash they often can’t afford in return for the chance of getting to europe the money goes to people like ali he’s 26 a people smuggler wanted for trafficking migrants across the water from tunisia to lampedusa he is unapologetic and apparently unafraid a dangerous combination of it’s a whole industry and at the heart of it are the middlemen this man claims he is careful but that others are simply greedy and callous [Music] [Music] do die in vast numbers bodies wash up along the tunisian coastline nameless and often forgotten this dusty strip of land is now a cemetery for migrants who didn’t survive the journey um more than a thousand people have already died this year trying to navigate this particular sea crossing but still they come back in lampedusa there are more rusting reminders this decrepit old trawler arrived recently with nearly 500 crammed aboard for those wanting a new life this island has a magnetic attraction and the flow of people isn’t going to stop adam parsons sky news lampedusa
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Why is the Italian island of Lampedusa a magnet for migrants?

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